||Form 5 OPTION Social Studies
(leading to Social Studies SEC 2016 – 2018)
- Concept of gender; difference between sex and gender; changing gender roles in society.
- Gender equality and inequality; gender and poverty; gender discrimination (positive and negative). Examples from daily life.
- Gender and religion; the role of women with specific reference to Christianity and Islam. The influence of religion on gender.
- Feminism and the feminist movement.
- The progress that occurred in society as far as gender equality is concerned.
- Family and child rearing; maternity and parental leave; childcare centres; women and domestic violence. Family friendly measures introduced in recent years and how women benefit from such measures to pursue their career.
- Women and employment; education, career progression and decision making.
- Women’s role in Maltese politics.
- Local and international organisations that provide social and/or economic support to women (State and Church organisations in Malta, National Council of Women, The Association Women in Business, The Council for the Advancement of Women; International Organisation: the United Nations Convention on Equality between the Sexes).
|2. Forms of Development
- Definition of development.
- Types of development (economic, social, environmental, technological).
- Economic development: difference between standard of living and quality of life; characteristics of high-income, middle-income and low-income countries; North-South divide in the world; Gross Domestic Product (GDP); Human Development Index (HDI).
- Social development: child, youth and adult development, community development, youth development.
- Environmental development (positive and negative aspects): land development (rural and urban), ecological development.
- Technological development (advances in ICT and medical technology). Students will
|3. Sustainable Development
- Definition of sustainable development.
- The three Rs of sustainable development (reduce, reuse and recycle). Apply sociological theory to real life situations to discuss different methods that contribute to sustainable development and how one can ensure effective waste management.
- Waste management: methods of disposal (integrated waste management, landfill, incineration); education and awareness.
- Pollution: forms of pollution (air, light, littering, noise, visual, radioactive, water, thermal, soil contamination, acid rain); sources and causes of pollution; effects of pollution on human health and the environment; environmental management (control of emissions and effluents into air, water or soil).
- Sustainable use of natural resources: depletion of limited natural resources (for example, deforestation, excessive quarrying and mining, destruction of agricultural land). How can this exploitation of natural resources become more sustainable?
- Global warming: causes of global warming; efforts to control global warming: greater use of public transport, renewable energy, more efficient systems of heating and cooling, proper maintenance of vehicles.
- Malta’s contribution to global warming control (Kyoto protocol, government subsidies for alternative energy); Millennium Development Goals (MDG’s) – health, education, food and clean drinking-water supply.
- Definition of demography; patterns of birth rates, death rates and natural population increase or decrease; the importance of population census.
- The main reasons that contribute to population rise and decline.
- Population explosion in the 20th-21st century and its effects – on developed countries (for example, ageing populations) and developing countries (young populations).
- Population mobility; temporary or permanent, work-related or residential); factors leading to population mobility (better transport, education and technological developments).
- Migration (immigration, emigration, transmigration and return migration).
- Different types of migration: internal and external, forced and voluntary, legal and illegal, integration of migrants, detention centres, people with asylum seeking or refugee status.
- Integration of migrants in society (Jesuit Refugee Service, United Nations High Commission for Refugees).
- What is being done in different countries, including Malta, to integrate migrants within society? The effects of migration on different countries
- Push and pull factors of migration.
- Urbanisation: advantages (work opportunities, better education and health facilities, better infrastructure) and disadvantages (traffic congestion and pollution, environmental and social stress, housing problems); urban sprawl and population density.
| 5. Globalisation
- Definition of globalisation.
- Independence versus interdependence of countries.
- Different aspects of globalisation (economic, technological, social and cultural).
- Positive effects: international solidarity, free trade and protectionism, efforts towards fair trading, cultural enrichment, global mass media, the flexibility of transnational companies (multinationals).
- Negative effects: child-labour and sweatshops, uneven distribution of wealth, international debts, brain drain, environmental degradation, threats to national identity and sovereignty, monopolies of transnational companies, unfair trading.
- The role of the United Nations and the Commonwealth to promote world peace.